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A Step-by-Step Guide: How to Make Homemade Sauerkraut

Embark on a culinary journey with our guide on how to make homemade sauerkraut. This fermented cabbage dish, cherished for its tangy flavor and probiotic benefits, is surprisingly easy to craft in the comfort of your own kitchen. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll explore the simple ingredients, equipment, and techniques needed to create a batch of sauerkraut that surpasses store-bought varieties.


From the initial cabbage shredding to troubleshooting tips and serving suggestions, this guide is designed to make the process accessible for both beginners and seasoned home cooks. Join us as we unravel the secrets of homemade sauerkraut, offering a burst of flavor and health benefits on your plate.

Key Point How to Make Homemade Sauerkraut

Making homemade sauerkraut is a simple and rewarding process. Here’s a basic recipe for you:


  • 1 medium-sized cabbage (green or red)
  • 1 tablespoon sea salt (non-iodized)


  • Large mixing bowl
  • Knife or mandoline
  • Mason jar or fermentation crock
  • Something to weigh down the cabbage (like a smaller jar or a clean stone)
  • Cloth or coffee filter
  • Rubber band or string


  1. Clean and Sanitize: Make sure all your equipment is clean. Sterilize the jar or crock to prevent unwanted bacteria.
  2. Prepare Cabbage: Remove the outer leaves of the cabbage and set them aside. Cut the cabbage into quarters, then thinly slice it using a knife or a mandoline.
  3. Massage with Salt: Place the sliced cabbage in the mixing bowl and sprinkle the salt over it. Massage the cabbage with your hands for about 5-10 minutes until it starts to release its juices. This helps create the brine that will ferment the cabbage.
  4. Pack into Jar or Crock: Transfer the cabbage into the jar or crock, packing it down tightly. Pour any liquid released during massaging into the jar.
  5. Add Reserved Leaves: Place the reserved outer cabbage leaves on top of the sliced cabbage. This will act as a barrier and help keep the shredded cabbage submerged in the brine.
  6. Weigh Down: Place a smaller jar or a clean stone on top of the cabbage to weigh it down. The cabbage should be submerged in its own liquid.
  7. Cover and Ferment: Cover the jar or crock with a cloth or coffee filter, and secure it with a rubber band or string. This allows air to flow while keeping out dust and debris. Let it sit at room temperature (ideally around 65-75°F or 18-24°C) for at least 2 weeks. You can taste it after this time and let it ferment longer if you prefer a stronger flavor.
  8. Check and Taste: During the fermentation period, check the sauerkraut every few days. Make sure the cabbage stays submerged in the brine. If any mold appears on the surface, skim it off.
  9. Store: Once the sauerkraut reaches your desired level of fermentation, remove the outer leaves, close the jar tightly, and store it in the refrigerator. It can last for several months.

Enjoy your homemade sauerkraut! Adjust salt quantities and experiment with spices like caraway seeds or juniper berries for added flavor if you like.


Read Also: How to Make Fermented Salsa: A Flavorful Twist on a Classic

Prepare the Cabbage

Step 1: Start with a fresh cabbage. Remove the outer leaves and set them aside. Core the cabbage and then shred it into thin strips. Place the shredded cabbage into a large basin.

Add Salt

Step 2: For every 2 pounds (900 grams) of cabbage, add 1 to 1.5 teaspoons of salt. The salt serves two purposes: it helps to draw out moisture from the cabbage and inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria.

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Squeeze and Rest

Step 3: With clean hands, start squeezing and kneading the shredded cabbage. This action breaks down the cell walls of the cabbage, releasing its natural moisture. Keep massaging until the cabbage becomes limp and starts emitting a significant amount of liquid. Allow the cabbage to rest for about 10 minutes.

Pack the Cabbage

Step 4: Transfer the cabbage and the liquid it released into a clean glass jar or fermentation crock. Use a wooden spoon or your hands to press the cabbage down firmly. This step helps eliminate air bubbles and ensures that the cabbage is fully immersed in its own liquid. Leave about 1 to 2 inches of space at the top of the jar to accommodate expansion during fermentation.


Read Also: 5 Best Egg Tart Molds You Can Buy In 2022

Cover and Ferment

Step 5: To keep the shredded cabbage submerged in its own liquid, place one or two of the outer cabbage leaves on top. You can also use a cloth or a fermentation lid to cover the jar. Now, it’s time to let the fermentation process begin. Allow the sauerkraut to ferment at room temperature, away from direct sunlight, for a period of 1 to 4 weeks.


Store and Enjoy

Step 6: Once the sauerkraut has reached your desired level of tanginess and fermentation, remove the covering. If you notice any mold or scum on the surface, be sure to remove it. The sauerkraut is now ready to be enjoyed. Transfer it to an airtight container and refrigerate it. Properly stored, homemade sauerkraut can last for several months and its flavor will continue to develop over time. Embrace the Art of Homemade Sauerkraut


Making your own sauerkraut at home is a rewarding culinary adventure. With just a few simple steps, you can create a delicious and nutritious fermented dish that adds depth to your meals. Experiment with different variations and enjoy the rich flavors and health benefits that homemade sauerkraut has to offer.


In conclusion, making homemade sauerkraut is a rewarding and accessible culinary endeavor. From its rich flavor to the numerous health benefits, crafting your own sauerkraut is a journey worth taking. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your cabbage, and let the fermentation magic begin!


Frequently Asked Questions

Can I use any type of cabbage for sauerkraut?

Absolutely! While traditional green cabbage works well, feel free to experiment with red or Napa cabbage for unique flavors.

How long does homemade sauerkraut last in the refrigerator?

When stored properly, homemade sauerkraut can last for several months in the refrigerator, maintaining its flavor and texture.

What are some creative additions to enhance sauerkraut flavor?

Consider adding caraway seeds, juniper berries, or even apples for a creative twist on the classic sauerkraut recipe.

Can I reuse the brine from a previous batch for a new one?

Absolutely! Reusing brine from a previous batch can introduce beneficial bacteria and kickstart the fermentation process faster.

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